文章摘要
胡太兵,黄仕光,曾广吾,等.后路有限椎板切除术治疗胸椎管内髓外肿瘤的疗效分析.骨科,2018,9(3): 212-216.
后路有限椎板切除术治疗胸椎管内髓外肿瘤的疗效分析
Analysis of curative effect of limited laminectomy for the treatment of thoracic intraspinal extramedullary tumors
投稿时间:2017-12-22  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-8573.2018.03.010
中文关键词: 椎管内肿瘤  胸椎  椎板切除术  治疗结果
英文关键词: Intraspinal tumor  Thoracic vertebrae  Laminectomy  Treatment outcome
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
胡太兵 543001 广西梧州桂东人民医院骨科 71173708@qq.com 
黄仕光 543001 广西梧州桂东人民医院骨科  
曾广吾 543001 广西梧州桂东人民医院骨科  
董时纯 543001 广西梧州桂东人民医院骨科  
摘要点击次数: 3442
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      目的 评价后路有限椎板切除治疗胸椎管内髓外肿瘤的疗效和可行性。方法 回顾性分析我院2009年7月至2017年5月收治的85例胸椎管内髓外肿瘤病人的临床资料。采用后入路全椎板切除+椎弓根螺钉内固定术的36例纳入全椎板切除内固定组,采用后入路有限椎板切除、无内固定的49例纳入有限椎板切除组。比较两组病人的手术时间、失血量、住院费用、术后日本骨科协会(Japanese Orthopaedic Association, JOA)评估治疗分数、胸椎后凸Cobb角变化、术后脑脊液漏发生率。结果 两组术后随访6~36个月,全椎板切除内固定组的平均随访时间为(20.36±8.61)个月,有限椎板切除组的平均随访时间为(21.73±7.33)个月。有限椎板切除组的手术时间为(2.37±0.22) h,失血量为(313.3±32.8) ml,住院费用为(1.63±0.24)万元,均低于全椎板切除内固定组,差异均有统计学意义(t=16.799,t=21.620,t=24.071,P均<0.001);两组的JOA评分优良率、胸椎后凸Cobb角变化、脑脊液漏发生率比较,差异均无统计学意义(χ2=0.091,t=-0.809,χ2=0.186,P均>0.05)。结论 后路有限椎板切除术治疗胸椎管内髓外肿瘤与全椎板切除内固定术相比,疗效、术后并发症、术后胸椎后凸变化情况相近,但手术时间、术中失血量、住院费用明显低于后者,是一种有效、经济、安全的治疗方法。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the effect and safety of posterior finite laminectomy for treatment of thoracic intraspinal-extramedullary tumors. Methods From July 2009 to May 2017, 85 patients with intraspinal extramedullary tumors in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 36 cases of posterior laminectomy plus pedicle screw fixation as the total laminectomy and internal fixation group, and 49 cases of posterior limited laminectomy and no internal fixation as the limited laminectomy group. We compared the operation time, the blood loss, the hospitalization expense, JOA score after operation and the rate of cerebrospinal fluid leakage between the two groups. Results The two groups were followed up for 6 to 36 months. The mean follow-up time in total laminectomy and internal fixation group was (20.36±8.61) months, and that in the limited laminectomy group was (21.73±7.33) months. In the limited laminectomy group, the operative time was (2.37±0.22) h, the blood loss was (313.3±32.8) ml, and the hospitalization expense was (16 300±2 400) yuan RMB, which were significantly reduced as compared with those in the total laminectomy and internal fixation group (t=16.799, t=21.620, t=24.071, P<0.001 for all). There was no significant difference in the JOA score, the Cobb angle and the rate of cerebrospinal fluid leakage between the two groups (χ2=0.091, t=-0.809, and χ2=0.186, P>0.05 for all). Conclusion There is no significant difference in the curative effect, the postoperative complications and the changes of postoperative thoracic kyphosis between the limited laminectomy with the laminectomy and internal fixation for the treatment of thoracic intraspinal extramedullary tumors. However, the limited laminectomy can significantly reduce the operative time, the blood loss and the hospitalization expense, and it is effective, economic and safe for the treatment of thoracic intraspinal extramedullary tumors.
查看全文   下载PDF阅读器
关闭