文章摘要
李水霞,李翠翠,郑林宏,慧惠,王红,汪静,胡靖.加速康复外科护理在老年骨质疏松性胸腰椎压缩性骨折椎体成形中的疗效分析.骨科,2020,11(6):550-553
加速康复外科护理在老年骨质疏松性胸腰椎压缩性骨折椎体成形中的疗效分析
Efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery nursing in senile patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbral compression fracture treated by vertebroplasty
投稿时间:2020-05-26  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-8573.2020.06.016
中文关键词: 骨质疏松症  脊柱压缩性骨折  胸腰椎  ERAS护理  疗效
英文关键词: Osteoporosis  Vertebral compression fracture  Thoracolumbar  Enhanced recovery after surgery  Curative effect
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李水霞 西安交通大学医学院附属红会医院手麻一科西安 710054  
李翠翠 西安交通大学医学院附属红会医院脊柱外科西安 710054  
郑林宏 西安交通大学医学院附属红会医院脊柱外科西安 710054  
慧惠 西安交通大学医学院附属红会医院脊柱外科西安 710054  
王红 西安交通大学医学院附属红会医院手麻一科西安 710054  
汪静 西安交通大学医学院附属红会医院手麻一科西安 710054 30444280@qq.com 
胡靖 西安交通大学医学院附属红会医院护理部西安 710054 792033457@qq.com 
摘要点击次数: 399
全文下载次数: 349
中文摘要:
      目的 探讨加速康复外科(enhanced recovery after surgery, ERAS)护理在老年骨质疏松性胸腰椎压缩性骨折(osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, OVCF)椎体成形病人中的疗效。方法 回顾性分析2017年1月至2018年12月在我院行椎体成形术的435例OVCF病人的临床资料,其中男89例,女346例;年龄为(71.0±3.5)岁(60~89岁);T11骨折78例、T12骨折114例、L1骨折134例、L2骨折109例。将2017年接受常规护理的214例病人纳入对照组,2018年接受ERAS护理的221例病人纳入观察组。观察两组病人疼痛视觉模拟量表(visual analogue scale, VAS)评分、Barthel指数评定量表(Barthel index, BI)评分、下地时间、住院时间及病人护理满意度。结果 术后第1天,观察组的VAS评分、Barthel评分分别为(1.73±0.75)分、(81.00±2.00)分,优于对照组的(2.21±0.70)分、(75.82±1.85)分,差异均具有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。观察组的下地时间和住院天数分别为(0.11±0.32) d、(3.31±0.50) d,均明显优于对照组的(1.11±0.33) d、(4.09±0.71) d,差异均有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。出院时,观察组病人的护理满意度为92.31%(204/221),明显高于对照组的85.51%(183/214),差异有统计学意义(P<0.001)。结论 基于ERAS的护理可加速老年OVCF椎体成形病人的康复,提升病人的护理满意度。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) nursing in senile patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbral compression fracture treated by vertebroplasty. Methods The clinical data of 435 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures who underwent vertebroplasty in our hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 89 males and 346 females aged (71.0±3.5) years (60-89 years); 78 cases of T11 fractures, 114 cases of T12 fractures, 134 cases of L1 fractures, 109 cases of L2 fractures. The 214 patients who received routine nursing care in 2017 were included in the control group, and 221 patients who received ERAS care in 2018 were included in the observation group. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Barthel scale score, time to off-bed, length of hospital stay and nursing satisfaction were observed. Results On the first day after operation, the VAS score and Barthel score in the observation group were 1.73±0.75 and 81.00±2.00, and those in the control group were (2.21±0.70) and 75.82±1.85, respectively (both P<0.05). At the time of discharge, the time to off-bed and length of hospital stay in the observation group were (0.11±0.32) d, (3.31±0.50) d, and those in the control group were (1.11±0.33) d and (4.09±0.71) d, respectively (both P<0.05). At discharge, the nursing satisfaction in the observation group was 92.31% (204/221), which was significantly higher than 85.51% (183/214) in the control group (P<0.001). Conclusion Based on ERAS, nursing can accelerate the rehabilitation of senile patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbral compression fracture treated by vertebroplasty, reduce the medical cost and improve the nursing satisfaction of patients.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭