文章摘要
陈志达,蔡弢艺,林斌,黄国锋,黄佳平,宋超.阻挡钉技术辅助专家型髓内钉治疗胫骨中下段多段骨折.骨科,2019,10(4):314-318
阻挡钉技术辅助专家型髓内钉治疗胫骨中下段多段骨折
Blocking nail technique and expert intramedullary nail for treatment of multiple fractures of middle and distal tibia
投稿时间:2018-10-03  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-8573.2019.04.011
中文关键词: 专家型髓内钉  胫骨多段骨折  阻挡钉  疗效
英文关键词: Expert intramedullary  Multiple fracture of tibia  Blocking nail  Clinical effect
基金项目:全军医学科技青年培育项目(13QNP048);全军后勤科研项目(CNJ16C013);福建省自然科学基金(2016J0520);漳州市自然科学基金(ZZ2018J12)
作者单位E-mail
陈志达 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九○九医院全军骨科中心福建漳州 363000  
蔡弢艺 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九○九医院全军骨科中心福建漳州 363000 ctyi175@163.com 
林斌 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九○九医院全军骨科中心福建漳州 363000  
黄国锋 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九○九医院全军骨科中心福建漳州 363000  
黄佳平 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九○九医院全军骨科中心福建漳州 363000  
宋超 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九○九医院全军骨科中心福建漳州 363000  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨阻挡钉技术辅助专家型髓内钉治疗闭合性胫骨中下段多段骨折的临床疗效。方法 回顾性分析我院2014年8月至2016年6月收治的15例闭合性胫骨中下段多段骨折病人资料,其中男9例,女6例,年龄为(32.4±5.2)岁(21~48岁);骨折AO分型:42-C1型2例,42-C2型13例。所有病人均采用远端阻挡钉技术辅助专家型髓内钉进行治疗,观察病人术后骨折复位情况、骨折愈合时间、并发症发生率、疼痛视觉模拟量表(visual analogue scale, VAS)评分和Oswestry功能障碍指数(Oswestry disability index, ODI),采用Johner-Wruhs评分对综合疗效进行评定。结果 病人均获得随访,随访时间为(25.2±4.3)个月(24~32个月)。13例病人获得骨愈合,愈合时间为(6.8±3.4)个月。2例病人出现骨不连,二期行锁定钢板固定加自体骨植骨后骨折愈合,骨愈合率为86.7%(13/15)。末次随访所有病人在矢状位及冠状位成角均<5°,所有病人均未出现切口感染、断钉及螺钉松动等并发症。术后1.5、3、6个月和末次随访的VAS及ODI评分与术前比较,差异均具有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。综合疗效评定:优9例,良3例,可2例,差1例,优良率为80.0%(12/15)。结论 阻挡钉技术配合专家型髓内钉治疗闭合性胫骨中下段多段骨折可纠正骨折端成角,增加内固定的稳定性,并发症发生率低,骨折愈合率高。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the clinical effectiveness of blocking nail technique and expert intramedullary nail in the treatment of closed multiple fractures of middle and distal tibia. Methods From August 2014 to June 2016, consecutive clinical data of 15 patients with closed multiple fractures of middle and distal tibia were retrospectively analyzed, including 9 males and 6 females with age of (32.4±5.2) years (21-48 years). For AO classification, there were 2 cases of 42-C1 type, and 13 cases of 42-C2 type. All patients were treated with distal blocking nail technique and expert intramedullary nail. Fracture reduction, healing time, complication rate, visual analogue score (VAS) and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) were observed. Johner-wruhs score was used to evaluate the curative effectiveness. Results All patients were followed up for (25.2±4.3) months (24-32 months). Bone healing was achieved in 13 patients, with a healing time of (6.8±3.4) months. Bone nonunion occurred in 2 patients, and the fracture healed after locking plate fixation and autogenous bone grafting in the second stage. The healing rate was 87%(13/15). The sagittal and coronal angles were all less than 5 degrees at the last follow-up. No incision infection, screw breakage or screw loosening occurred in all patients. VAS and ODI scores at 1.5, 3, 6 months and last follow-up after operation were significantly different from those before operation (P<0.05). And according to the score, 9 patients were rated as being excellent, 3 good, 2 fair and 1 poor, and the total rate of being excellent to good was 80.0% (12/15). Conclusion The results suggest that blocking nail technique and expert intramedullary nail for closed multiple fractures of middle and distal tibia can correct the angle of fracture, increase the stability of internal fixation, reduce the incidence of complications, and significantly increase the fracture healing rate.
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