文章摘要
陈晓峰,郭伟俊,许伟亮,韩桩汛,李浩,褚学远,劳泽辉,蔡东岭.腰椎后路融合内固定术围手术期输注悬浮红细胞的危险因素分析.骨科,2019,10(2):105-110
腰椎后路融合内固定术围手术期输注悬浮红细胞的危险因素分析
The risk factors of perioperative red blood cell transfusion in posterior lumbar spine fusion surgery
投稿时间:2018-07-15  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-8573.2019.02.005
中文关键词: 输血  腰椎  脊柱融合术  危险因素
英文关键词: Blood transfusion  Lumbar vertebrae  Spinal fusion  Risk factors
基金项目:广州市番禺区科技医疗卫生项目-重点学科项目(2017-Z04-11)
作者单位E-mail
陈晓峰 广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科广州 511400  
郭伟俊 广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科广州 511400  
许伟亮 广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科广州 511400广州中医药大学广州 510006  
韩桩汛 广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科广州 511400  
李浩 广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科广州 511400  
褚学远 广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科广州 511400  
劳泽辉 广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科广州 511400  
蔡东岭 广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科广州 511400 pycaidongling@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨行腰椎后路融合内固定术病人围手术期输注悬浮红细胞的危险因素。方法 回顾性分析2016年1月至2018年6月在广州市番禺区中医院骨伤科施行腰椎后路融合手术的468例病人的临床资料,选取性别、年龄、身体质量指数(body mass index, BMI)、吸烟史、饮酒史、糖尿病、高血压、肺部疾病、心脏疾病、肾脏疾病、骨质疏松症、低蛋白血症、美国麻醉师协会(American Society of Anesthesiologists, ASA)评分、术前血红蛋白(hemoglobin, Hb)、抗凝药物使用史、手术时间、融合节段、椎管减压方式等可能影响围手术期输血的危险因素,先后应用单因素分析和多元Logistic回归分析围手术期输血的独立危险因素。结果 468例病人中有61例(13%)发生输注红细胞事件。单因素分析显示年龄、性别、BMI、术前Hb水平、术前合并心脏疾病、低蛋白血症、骨质疏松症、术前使用抗凝药、ASA评分、融合节段、手术时间、术中出血量、术后引流量及术后并发症是输血事件发生的危险因素。多元Logistic回归分析结果提示,年龄≥66岁(OR=2.3,95%CI为1.2~4.7)、术前Hb≤125 g/L(OR=2.6,95%CI为1.3~5.1)、融合节段≥3个(OR=3.0,95%CI为1.4~6.3)、手术时间≥215 min(OR=4.0,95%CI为2.1~7.6)是增加围手术期输血事件发生的独立危险因素。结论 高龄、术前Hb偏低、多节段融合、手术时间过长的病人行腰椎后路融合内固定术围手术期输血风险较高,故在术前准备中应考虑上述预期输血的因素。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the risk factors of the perioperative infusion of red blood cells (RBC) in patients undergoing posterior lumbar fusion and internal fixation (PLIF/TLIF). Methods The clinical data of 468 patients undergoing PLIF/TLIF surgery between January 2016 and 30 June 2018 in Panyu Hospital of Chinese Medicine were reviewed. The characteristics of patients, perioperative factors (ASA score, major medical comorbidities including diabetes, hypertension, pulmonary disease, heart disease, renal insufficiency, osteoporosis, hypoproteinemia, chronic use of anticoagulant/antiplatelet drugs, preoperative hemoglobin (Hb), estimated blood loss in operation, blood transfusion, operative time, the methods of decompression, number of levels fused, blood transfusion, postoperative drainage volume and complications) were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic analysis were used to identify the factors which played the most important roles in blood transfusion. Results Out of 468 cases, 61 cases (13%) had a blood transfusion. The results of univariate analysis showed that female gender, older age, BMI, higher ASA grade, presence of diabetes, heart disease and osteoporosis, use of anticoagulant/platelet drugs prior to the surgery, longer operative time, and lower pre-surgery Hb and albumin levels were associated with the need for RBC transfusion. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that the occurrence of blood transfusion was significantly influenced by age ≥66 years old (OR=2.3, 95%CI: 1.2-4.7), preoperative Hb≤125 g/L (OR=2.6, 95%CI: 1.3-5.1), multi-level fusion (OR=3.0, 95%CI: 1.4-6.3), extended operative time (OR=4.0, 95%CI: 2.1-7.6). Conclusion Older age, low preoperative Hb, multi-level fusion, and longer operative time are independent factors, which may increased the rate of blood transfusion. Factors anticipating transfusion should be taken into consideration in the patient's preoperative preparation.
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