文章摘要
钟尚洁,宁宁,李佩芳,陈佳丽,朱红彦,左建容.脊柱侧凸病人矫形术后首次下床活动时间影响因素的单因素分析.骨科,2019,10(1):59-62
脊柱侧凸病人矫形术后首次下床活动时间影响因素的单因素分析
Single-factor analysis of influencing factors of postoperative first out-of-bed activity time of scoliosis patients after orthopaedic surgery
投稿时间:2018-01-08  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-8573.2019.01.011
中文关键词: 脊柱侧凸  首次下床活动时间  影响因素
英文关键词: Scoliosis  First out-of-bed activity time  Influencing factors
基金项目:中国医师协会医院科研建设项目(CMDA2017-03)
作者单位E-mail
钟尚洁 四川大学华西医院骨科成都 610041  
宁宁 四川大学华西医院骨科成都 610041 gkningning@126.com 
李佩芳 四川大学华西医院骨科成都 610041  
陈佳丽 四川大学华西医院骨科成都 610041  
朱红彦 四川大学华西医院骨科成都 610041  
左建容 四川大学华西医院骨科成都 610041  
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中文摘要:
      目的 观察脊柱侧凸病人矫形术后首次下床活动时间并分析其影响因素。方法 2016年8月至2017年7月采用便利抽样方法选择在我院行脊柱矫形术的病人58例。男18例,女40例;年龄为(15.14±3.39)岁(7~22岁);脊柱侧凸类型:特发性脊柱侧凸36例,先天性脊柱侧凸10例,神经肌肉型脊柱侧凸12例;Cobb角为54.87°±14.26°。收集病人的一般资料、脊柱侧凸类型、术中情况、术后情况和病人术后首次下床活动时间,并分析术后首次下床活动时间的影响因素。结果 本组58例脊柱侧凸病人矫形术后首次下床活动时间为(5.34±1.19) d;术中出血量、术后疼痛情况、术后是否呕吐为影响脊柱侧凸病人术后首次下床活动时间的因素(P均<0.001)。结论 在对脊柱侧凸病人进行术后护理时,要根据病人的身体体质、疼痛及术后并发症情况确定病人的首次下床活动时间,适时适当地指导病人下床活动,加速病人康复。
英文摘要:
      Objective To observe the first out-of-bed activity time of scoliosis patients after orthopaedic surgery and analyze the influencing factors. Methods Fifty-eight patients undergoing spinal orthopaedic surgery in our hospital from August 2016 to July 2017 were selected by convenient sampling method. There were 18 males and 40 females with age of (15.14±3.39) years (7-22 years). For types of scoliosis, there were 36 cases of idiopathic scoliosis, 10 cases of congenital scoliosis, and 12 cases of neuromuscular scoliosis. Cobb angle was 54.87°±14.26°. General information, scoliosis type, intraoperative condition, post-operative condition and the first out-of-bed activity time after operation were collected. Results The first out-of-bed activity time of 58 patients after orthopaedic surgery was (5.34±1.19) days. Intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative pain and vomiting were the factors influencing the first out-of-bed activity time of scoliosis patients (P<0.001 for all). Conclusion In the postoperative nursing of scoliosis patients, the time of first out-of-bed should be determined according to the patient's body constitution, pain and complications. The timely and appropriate guidance of the patient out-of-bed activities can help to accelerate the recovery.
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